How To Buy Oil And Gas Royalties?

Oil and gas royalties can generate a handsome passive income that may last for generations. But new investors may ask, “How to buy oil and gas royalties?”

Many investors focus on commodities with a prospective stable earning possibility and low risk of decline. Buying oil and gas royalties can be such an investment. But to receive royalties, do you have to have mineral rights? Can you buy from another owner? Let’s answer these questions. 

What Are Oil and Gas Royalties?

Oil and gas royalties refer to the monetary compensation for the extraction and sale of minerals. It typically depends on the amount of resources produced and the price of the oil or natural gas at the extraction time. 

The level of investment a shareholder has in a certain well should be the first factor when analyzing oil and gas royalty payments.

A royalty interest is an oil and natural gas lease that grants the interest owner the right to receive a percentage of what is produced on the leased land. However, it does not require the owner to pay any portion of the costs of drilling or operating the wells on the leased acreage. 

It is crucial to consider the property’s source or the leaseholder’s interest before opting to invest. Furthermore, it does not matter if the royalty owner’s interest in the oil and gas lease is only owing to an investment situation or being in the oil and gas drilling sector.

Landowners may be entitled to 100% of the royalties produced by wells on their land, or they may choose to sell shares in future royalties to generate income. 

Understanding the sort of investment commodity, the lifetime of the commodity, the business it belongs to, and many other challenges and aspects are worth the effort.

How to Buy Oil And Gas Royalties?

Some investors do their homework before buying royalties and do not mind spending the time to research, appraise, and determine profits on their own.

On the other hand, many investors find that working with a royalty brokerage with industry knowledge is easier, faster, and better than doing their research and analysis. 

The following are the steps to take when buying oil and gas royalties.


Finding mineral owners willing to sell you their royalties is challenging in the purchase process of oil and gas royalty. Some businesses may give you a division order with all the owners, while others will merely send you a paper with your share. 

With the help of the division order, you can find information such as the name of the owner, address of the owner, lease name, royalty percentage, and royalty amount. With the help of this information, you can evaluate which owner you want to contact for purchasing the oil and gas royalty. 

Send Offers

After collecting the data, you must send out offers with sufficient information. The typical royalty buyer will write many letters with offers. For every 2,000 letters you send, you should anticipate receiving five responses. 

Additionally, you must answer the calls as they come in if you want to increase your chances of closing significantly. Make sure to respond to any questions. Furthermore, you need to clarify that you can seal the deal if they have anything you will buy. 

Check Authenticity

It is important to double-check royalty interest ownership. Hence, verify if the royalty they seek to sell you is theirs. You can ask the individual to show you the royalty payments from the previous five months. On the other hand, you can also visit local records office to investigate.

Do whatever you are doing quickly before they change their minds or sell their royalties. Once you know that they possess the royalty, phone them with your offer. Once they agree, you can send them the necessary documentation.


When they return those documents, your legal counsel will advise you on the forms they must sign. Close the contract after signing the deed. After that, contact the current oil and gas business that pays the royalty and file the deed with the court.

Oil and gas producers base the cost of oil and gas royalties on a portion of the land’s total gross output. When agreeing to sign a contract with an oil or gas firm, the landowner should attempt to negotiate as high of royalty as feasible.

The option of receiving royalties in oil rather than cash may be available to the property owner. However, most property owners will accept the royalties in cash at the current oil market price. 

Due to the difficulty in valuing market oil and gas prices, oil and gas royalties are typically paid in cash. A mineral owner can specify separate payments for oil and gas royalties. In most circumstances, the lessor is the one who controls the terms and conditions of the royalty.

Types of Royalty Interests

Buying oil and gas royalties started in the early 1900s. Owners of royalty assets get regular payments from oil and gas corporations, known as mailbox money.

Owners of royalties do not invest in capital goods or field operations. There are no charges for owners of royalty interests for exploring, drilling, or operating wells.

Furthermore, they are not responsible for any of the risks or responsibilities. The federal government receives payments for royalties of oil and gas they produce on public lands and seas in the United States. 

Working Interest

The working interest is also known as the WI lease. Firms rent all or a portion of the subsurface rights from the landowner through a working interest in exploration and production. 

The mineral deposits under the property are subject to drilling, exploration, and production by the working interest’s owner. The WI owner pays all expenses of exploration and development activities.

After revenues are paid on any portion of the mineral interests leased to third parties, all profits belong to the owner.

Royalty Interest

A mineral owner obtains a royalty interest in the mineral estate in return for a working interest in mineral resources.

The royalty owner has executory rights and is eligible for bonuses. Furthermore, they are entitled to lease payment and a right to a percentage of the profits if and when a well begins to produce.

Through regular royalty streams, one can distribute this income. The owner of the royalty interest receives a proportionate part of the profits. Even when royalty payments stop when production stops, the royalty owner continues to hold the mineral interest. 

Non-Participating Royalty Interest

The royalty interest owner grants the non-participating royalty interest a lease. No executory rights exist to collect bonuses, grant new leases, or receive lease payments. However, it only contains a part of the royalties from production income.

Overriding Royalty Interest

Overriding royalty interest includes a working interest owner who leases a portion of the working interest to a third party. The individual cannot divide the non-possessive right to a portion of the production.


Buying oil and gas royalties from mineral owners can be challenging. It’s best to use a professional’s help when looking for potential royalty sellers and when closing the deal. Investing in oil and gas royalties can be a viable strategy for long-term returns.